An Overview of Canada’s Economy

Canada, the 2d greatest u . s . in the world, has a big quantity of herbal assets and one of the best economies in the world. Constantly developing manufacturing, mining and service sectors has turned the Canadian nation from a rural economic system to industrial and urban one.

Around 70% of Canadians are involved in the service industry which makes it the leading industry sector of Canadian economy. Oil and logging industries dominate in the predominant sector due to the fact Canada has the second biggest oil resource in the world after Saudi Arabia and the sizeable majority of the forests. Sub sectors of the forest enterprise are strong wood product manufacturing, pulp and paper product manufacturing, and forestry and logging. This area employs extra than 200,000 Canadians and brings extra than $20 billion a year to the Canada’s economy. Oil and gasoline zone attracts about $80 billion. Also, the automobile enterprise is the biggest manufacturing area in the country. Due to NAFTA settlement Canada is one of the largest exporters of automobile gear and goods.

Canada is no longer accidentally in G8. Let’s see a few more points of its economy.

World Trade Organization.

Canada is a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) due to the fact January 1, 1995 because international exchange is one of the primary parts of the Canadian economy. Canada’s financial boom depends on the get entry to to international markets for one of a kind goods and services. The USA, China, European Union and many other countries are exchange companions of Canada however most merchandise are exported to the USA, which makes it fundamental change partner of Canada.

Canadian GDP and NAFTA.

Both GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and GDP per Capita have been developing seeing that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was once signed via the governments of Canada, Mexico, and the United States growing a exchange bloc in North America. The agreement used to be signed via leaders of mentioned countries, and took effect on January 1, 1994. Since that time Canadian GDP has grown quite and continues growing. In 2009 GDP went down due to the fact of the global disaster but in 2010 the drop used to be compensated and in 2011 and 2012 GDP has been constantly growing.

Banking system.

During the international economic crisis at the end of the last decade the Canada’s banks have been quite stable. While US banks have been collapsing Canada did no longer have any financial institution failures. Therefore its banks machine was rated as the most sound in the world. There are six largest Canada’s banks which are in the list of the exceptional banks in the world: Royal Bank of Canada, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC), TD Bank Financial Group, the bank of Nova Scotia, bank of Montreal and National Bank of Canada.

Public Debt.

Public debt of Canada is constantly growing. At the opening of the preceding decade it used to be roughly $500 billion and at the cease of 2012 it was greater than $600 billion which is round $17,000 per citizen. For comparison, every US citizen owes more than $52,000. Comparing to the USA Canada’s public debt is tons lower, but anyway it continually grows.


Investors play a very essential role in the economic increase of any country. Therefore Canada has Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) with greater than twenty countries: Russian Federation, Poland, Egypt, Thailand, Venezuela etc. Such settlement obligates each nations to admire overseas buyers and investment. In addition, on September ninth 2012, Leaders of Canada and China signed FIPA. As Prime Minister Stephen Harper told a new alternate settlement between Canada and China had the achievable to create heaps of jobs and improve vital buying and selling ties between the two countries.

Canadian healthcare.

This subject has a few problems. Firstly, it is a lack of medical practitioner and nurses. Patients can wait for a go to of the health practitioner greater than a month. This can price anyone a life. The 2d problem is the cost of the clinical care. Of course, all serious cases are included via Medical insurance plan and generally fitness of Canadians is protected, however human beings can pay that Medical insurance plan business enterprise extra than 40% of their budget each and every month.

Unemployment Insurance.

It is essential to highlight due to the fact at some stage in the international crisis which started at the quit of 2007 a lot of humans round the globe misplaced their jobs. 240,000 Canadian workers misplaced jobs all through simply first two months of 2009.

Over the final 30 years employment insurance (EI) of Canada had various changes. Canadian authorities has made a few unique cuts of EI due to the fact that 1980s. Duration of benefits, quantity of money paid and qualification intervals have been cut for the duration of this duration of time. In 2008 the authorities created quite a few employment insurance plan pilot programs which influenced positively the Canadian financial system and multiplied the citizen’s income. Under such pilot software people can have phase time job while they are on claim except a deduction from their benefits.

Canada Pension Plan.

Canada Pension Plan (CPP) is also a sturdy phase of Canadian economy. Canada Pension Plan, CPP Investment Board, Quebec Pension Plan (QPP) and Old Age Security (OAS) are all packages to furnish impenetrable and rich lives for retired people.

In conclusion it is worth to say that globalization made all greater related and the boom of Canadian financial system by and large depends on the growth or failure of its neighbor economy, the US, which currently has a recession. However, as the Prime Minister Stephen Harper told, once: Canada will emerge from the international recession before any other usa and in a more advantageous financial role than ever. Actually, we can agree with him since Canada has the possible to do so.

Leave a Reply